Negative Treatment

Ravel can help you identify if a case has been treated negatively or positively by other cases. Ravel's treatment indicator looks like a Wifi symbol, and you will find it alongside case titles and on the case reading page.


Ravel's treatment indicator conveys two important pieces of information: 

  1. What we know: Color indicates whether the case has strong positive or strong negative treatment. Red means we've identified strong negative treatment, like in the example above, and we are able to tell you more at the bottom of the case card (e.g. Lee has been overruled, as recognized by 169 opinions). Green indicates there is a strong positive treatment, for example the case has been affirmed. Black indicates we do not see strong negative or strong positive treatment.
  2. How confident we are: The number of bars indicates how much Ravel knows about the case, and thus how confident we are in telling you whether there has been negative or positive treatment. The more bars shown, the more confident we are. We make this assessment via machine learning, not editors, by looking at factors including citation count and date.
    • 3 Bars: High confidence
    • 2 Bars: Fair confidence
    • 1 Bar: Limited confidence
    • 0 Bars: Not enough data

In the example here of Lee v. City of Los Angeles, the treatment indicator is telling you that we have high confidence (3 bars) that the case has negative treatment (red). 

One common situation is when the treatment indicator shows full bars and is also black. This means we know a lot about the case and do not see strong negative or strong positive treatment of it.

In another example situation, the indicator shows 0 bars, which means we do not know a lot. That would be a good time to check out the Lexis Shepard's report, which may contain more information.

Ravel's treatment indicator is not a replacement for looking at a Lexis Shepard's report and should not be relied upon exclusively. 



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